Article Review on Political and Ethical Issues in the Society

Article Review on Political and Ethical Issues in the Society


     Globalization’s effects on major human communities today, being at large, is directly implying the fact that the number of the people being involved in a culturally diverse society are definitely increasing in rate. In effect, the said people are facing different challenges depending on their ethnicity within the societies that they choose to stay in while on the other hand, the governments of those said areas are constantly bombarded by the increasing problems of ethnic violence cases that are occurring every now and then. It may not be known to many, but the said problems of violence with regards ethnicity is indeed increasing and are indeed becoming serious as the years pass. This is what has been the main discussion that the articles entitled “Localized Ethnic Conflict and Genocide” by Ravi Bhavnani & David Backer and “The Journal of Conflict Resolution” (Vol. 44, No. 3) hope to bring to the attention of the society. To know further informations with regards the conclusions on the studies performed by the  researchers of the said articles, a divided discussion of the thesis and the results of the article studies shall be shown within the paragraphs to follow.

(A)     Major Thesis of the Articles

As noted earlier, the articles actually focus on the major effects

of ethnicity and multiculturalism within the human society. This is because of the fact that the differences of the individualities of the people around the world affect the relationship of humans with each other. Most likely, because of the impact of their differences upon the differing opinions of each other with regards certain issues, violence results as a primary product of their individualities. To understand the idea much further, the article on “Localized Ethnic Conflict and Genocide” states that it is the researchers’ aims to explain the variation in the scale of the ethnic conflict using data from Rwanda and Burundi. Through this particular thesis, it could be observed that the focus is strongly implied on the importance of knowing what part of the society is actually fueling the different violent acts that are evident within certain multicultural communities in the world.[1] This has been implied by the researchers through taking into consideration the major accounted situations within the local communities of Rwanda and Burundi.

(B)     Methodologies of Gathering the Needed Informations

     Through noting down the observations that are made within the different areas of the world and how they actually pertain to the serious situations of violence among the ethnic groups present around the world, the researchers of both studies aim to gather the informations that are needed to particularly strengthen the theories that they are trying to prove as to identify the roots of the problem being dealt with. Through the merging of the said informations, it could be noted that the researchers are able to weigh the different issues that contribute to the validation of their studies as to their truth and practicality.

     As for the result of the said studies, the researchers made the following conclusions:

·         The scale of violence varies across episodes of events[2]

·         Interethnic conflicts are not structurally deterministic instead, they reflect endogenous interactions[3]

·         Interethnic trust influences patterns of conflict[4]

·         Stronger genocidal norms exacerbate ethnic violence[5]

These results primarily pertain to the fact that it is not only racial difference that affects the violence that needs to be considered as the main source of ethnic violence, instead, it should also be noted that the behavioral and background differences of the people as individuals are among the major factors that causes conflicts between humans around the world. Thus, making it certain that to be able to decrease the rate of ethnic violence, the studies pertain to the suggestion that the more focus placed on the personality differences of the people the more the process of regulating the situation becomes effective in application.

(C)Critique of Theoretical Approach

     The theories that were primarily utilized by the researchers as basis for the issues and the presentations that they were able to come up with to be able to conclude their studies have been effective enough to show how the situation of ethic violence could be dealt with through the basis that is placed on the primary roots of the said social dilemma. The constant depiction of the importance of seeing the other picture of the entire scenario being treated with has also been helpful enough in developing the major ideas implied by the researchers in their studies.

     The procedures that they used also proved to be helpful enough in creating the most effective conclusions to end the studies that are being reviewed herein. Constant evaluation of the situation through actual accounts has long been considered as a strong way of bringing out the information that is needed to validate certain studies. The actual situations certainly strengthen the capabilities of the studies to present practical results for more important and equally practical suggestions to be able to meet the needed standards of solution to face the issue being dealt with.

(D) Strengths and Weaknesses of the Studies

     It could be noted that both of the studies presented the different sectors of the issue in a balanced view. Because of this, the importance of the different factors that contribute to the situation and the factors that are hoped to solve the problem have been presented well. As it has been said earlier, the methodologies that were used by the researchers of both studies allowed for a more in depth description of the major elements that contribute to the completion of their researches.

     As a conclusion to the review, it could be assumed that the researches have been processed in a justified method that makes them both applicable and practical for multicultural communities to apply.


Bhavnani & David Backer. Localized Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 3, 283-306 (2000).

The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 3. (Jun., 2000), pp. 283-306.

[1] Bhavnani & David Backer. Localized Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 3, 283-306 (2000).
[2] Bhavnani & David Backer. Localized Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 3, 283-306 (2000).

[3] Ibid.
[4] ibid.
[5] The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 3. (Jun., 2000), pp. 283-306.

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